One feature of dispensational premillennialism is that a literal, physical temple will eventually be rebuilt in Jerusalem. It is sometimes referred to as “Ezekiel’s Temple” or the third temple. In his new book, Kingdom Come, Sam Storms addresses this early on. His thoughts are very thought provoking.
“In his judgment against the Jewish people, the temple complex was abandoned by our Lord, both physically and spiritually, as he departed and made his way to the Mount of Olives. ‘Your house,’ said Jesus, ‘is left to you desolate’ (Matt. 23:38). It has thus ceased to be ‘God’s’ house. When Jesus died and ‘the curtain of the temple was torn in two, from top to bottom’ (Matt. 27:51), God forever ceased to bless it with his presence or to acknowledge it as anything other than ichabod (the glory has departed).
Just as dramatically as Jesus had entered Jerusalem (Matt. 21:1-17, the so-called ‘Triumphal Entry’) and its temple, he now departs. . . . Indeed, the action of Jesus in departing the temple and taking his seat on the Mount of Olives (Matt. 24:3) recalls Ezekiel 11:23 where we read that ‘the glory of the Lord went up from the midst of the city and stood on the mountain that is on the east side of the city.’
This applies equally to any supposed future temple that many believe will be built in Jerusalem in the general vicinity where the Dome of the Rock now stands. It’s entirely possible, of course, that people in Israel may one day build a temple structure and resume their religious activities within it. The political and military implications of such, not to mention the religious furor it would provoke, are obvious. Whether or not this will ever occur is hard to say, but if it does it will have no eschatological or theological significance whatsoever, other than to rise up as a stench in the nostrils of God. The only temple in which God is now and forever will be pleased to dwell is Jesus Christ and the Church, his spiritual body.
It would be an egregious expression of the worst imaginable redemptive regression to suggest that God would ever sanction the rebuilding of the temple. It would be tantamount to a denial that the Word became flesh and dwelt among us. It would constitute a repudiation of the Church as the temple of God and thus an affront to the explicit affirmation of Paul here in 2 Corinthians 2 and elsewhere.” (Emphasis his. 20-21)
For an example of someone who believes in a literal fulfillment of the future temple here’s a video from Grant Jeffrey.