Key verse: Numbers 36:9

“No inheritance is to transfer from one tribe to another, because each of the Israelite tribes is to retain its inheritance.” (CSB)


Monday, July 22 | Read Numbers 30

From the Biblical Theology Study Bible notes on vv. 1-16;

Vows. Ch. 30 is a logical place to discuss questions related to vows, not only because 29:39 mentions them but also because someone who vowed to offer a sacrifice might carry it out during one of the festivals of chs. 28-29 (cf. 1 Sam 1:21). This chapter answers whether there are any exceptions to fulfilling vows, especially when the person making the vow is under the authority of someone else.

“In ancient Israel, a father bore ultimate economic responsibility for any promises made by his young, unmarried daughters (vv. 3-5), and a husband bore the responsibility for his wife’s promises (vv. 6-8). These laws allow the men to protect their families economically from any excessive promises while at the same time affirming the women’s right to make promises to the Lord.”


Tuesday, July 23 | Read Numbers 31

From the ESV Student Study Bible note on ch. 31;

“The Midianites were nomadic people who lived in the deserts on the outside edges of Canaan. They were associated with the Ishmaelites, Amalekites, and Moabites. It is the Moabite Midianites who are discussed here. Urged on by Balaam (v. 16), they had seduced the Israelites into worshiping Baal at Peor (ch. 25). Since persuading Israelites to worship other gods is a capital offense (see Deuteronomy 13), the Lord instructs the peopoe to go to war against these Midianites. This will be the last campaign headed by Moses (Num. 31:1-2), but the Israelites will fight many similar battles against the enemies of God after they enter Canaan.”


Wednesday, July 24 | Read Numbers 32

From the Christian Basics Bible note on ch. 32;

The Transjordan Tribes

“Arriving at land on the east of the Jordan, opposite Canaan, two of Israel’s tribes–Reuben and Gad–decided that this would be excellent land in which to settle since it was so suitable for their livestock. Moses was shocked, fearing they were making the same mistakes as the scouts had many years previously, but the two tribes promised that they would help the remaining tribes take their inheritance in the Promised Land first and only return to the land across the Jordan when the task was completed. Moses accepted their proposal, which half of the tribe of Manasseh also asked to be a part of. Two and a half tribes from the twelve therefore eventually settled in this Transjordan region (Joshua 13:15-32).”


Thursday, July 25 | Read Numbers 33

From the Orthodox Study Bible notes on vv. 1 and 8;

“A stage was a particular place Israel camped during their forty-year journey from Egypt through the wilderness to Canaan. Thirty-eight stages are mentioned in the chapter. At the thirty-eighth stage, they “camped west of Moab by the Jordan opposite Jericho” (v. 48). From this location, they would soon cross over the Jordan for their conquest of Canaan, the land of promise.

“Many things that happened to Israel serve as types for us and for our instruction and learning (Rom 15:4; 1Co 10:6, 11). For example, Israel’s passage through the Red Sea was a type of baptism (1Co 10:1, 2).”


Friday, July 26 | Read Numbers 34

From the KJV Cross Reference Study Bible notes on vv. 2-12;

“Throughout Numbers, God has reiterated in multiple ways His promise that the people would reach Canaan (see 13:2; 14:8, 16, 23, 30; 15:2, 18; 27:12; 32:7, 9, 11). Now, the children of Israel are about to hear what portions of the land will be assigned to each tribe. This continues to affirm the certainty of this promise. god will distribute the land before they take it, because ti is a sure thing that they will have the land.

“The Israelites never occupy the entire land–they do not dive out all the inhabitants. One of the main enemies that emerges after Israel takes the land is the Philistines. They have strongholds in the western frontiers. This keeps the nation from enjoying all that God has provided for them.”


Saturday, July 27 | Read Numbers 35

From the Apologetics Study Bible for Students note on vv. 9-34;

“The promised land was to be a holy land, free from the heinous impurity of shed blood. The six cities of refuge (Jos 20) established a place wehre someone who committed accidental manslaughter (unintentional, as in Nm 15:22-29) could find protection from a vengeful member of the slain person’s family. In another sense, the “city of refuge” was a place of banishment for the offender. City elders assessed each case individually to determine the nature and cause of the victim’s death. The killer’s guild was atoned only through the death of the high priest, so the killer was obliged to remain inside the city until the high priest died. The law did not apply to willful murder; if the local city congregation determined that the death of the victim had been the result of premeditation or intent to harm, they were to execute the slayer.”


Sunday, July 28 | Read Numbers 36

From the Gospel Transformation Study Bible note on vv. 1-13;

“This is the second episode with the daughters of Zelophehad, bracketing the final major section of Numbers (27:1-10; 36:1-13). This passage functions not only as another assurance that entry into the Promised Land is imminent; it functions primarily to underscore that this land inheritance will be a lasting inheritance for the people of God–not to be transferred (v. 9). This is a fitting note with which to conclude a book about life in the wilderness. When finally we exit the wilderness of this age and enter into the joys of the Promised Land, those joys amid the presence of God, his angels, and his people will last forever and ever (Rom. 6:23; John 3:16; Rev. 22:17).”